It is the young men who say, "Yes" or "No.". If you pen an Indian up on a small spot of earth and compel him to stay there, he will not be contented nor will he grow and prosper. In January of that year, Chief Joseph had been allowed to go to Washington, DC, in order to meet with President Rutherford B. Hayes, but he was dissatisfied with the outcome. However, one of the young men reported to Chief Joseph that he and several other young warriors, furious at the injustice of their situation, had carried out a raid on nearby settlements, killing several settlers. A cartoon depicting the meeting between the Nez Perce and the government envoy. Using Harvard University stationery, DuBois wrotethe name of Hon Rutherford B. Hayes on the top and then immediately pointedto the clipping from the Herald, which he pastedsideways in the middle of the first page of his four-page handwritten letter. In that letter, says Lewis, DuBois carefully elaborated his educational plans for a year of study abroad, again reminding the fund that the question of his future was of more than merely personal interest.. II, Louisiana State University Press, 1959; Washington, Booker T. I want to thank you . many other law chiefs (Congressmen) and they all say they are my This DBQ looks to have students draw connections between the Vietnam War & the Civil Rights movement as well as assess this letter's impact on the historical narrative. State and Jurisdictional Humanities Councils, HUMANITIES: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities, Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in Ohio, SUBSCRIBE FOR HUMANITIES MAGAZINE PRINT EDITION, Sign up for HUMANITIES Magazine newsletter, How Black Suffragists Fought for the Right to Vote and a Modicum of Respect, Atlanta, School Teachers, and the History of Race Relations, Chronicling America: History American Newspapers. Chief Joseph went to Washington in 1879 to plead with President Rutherford B. Hayes and members of Congress, but his people never were able to see their Wallowa Valley homeland again. Chief Joseph belonged to a Native American nation who identified themselves as Nee-Me-Poo, "The People." He was a member of the Wallamotkin, or Wallowa Band of the Nez Perc. Good words will not give my people a home where they can live in In fact, the Slater board thought that a more liberal education was a path that would lead to black restlessness. He draws you in, by speaking to your emotions. Unfortunately, four years later the treaty was overturned, and the Native Americans were faced with a more formidable opponent: Army General Oliver O. Howard. Seven U.S . But he continued to advocate for his people. But before long, the settlers began to encroach ever further on the tribes land and demanded more space. They then research alternatives. But neither the government nor the threat of incarceration could break the resolve of Chief Joseph, who would go down in history for his bravery, perseverance, and love for his people. As the settlers continued to move into native lands, tensions began to build. The five parts of a letter are all highlighted and have a designated area within the form. Chief Joseph continued to speak out against the injustices done to Native Americans. Rutherford B. Hayes: Warrior and President, Lawrence, University of Kansas Press, 1995. should have equal rights upon it. This is a great mistake." These words opened a speech by Chief Joseph, pleading to President Rutherford B. Hayes and members of Congress, given in Lincoln Hall in Washington, D.C., January 14th, 1879. I am tired of fighting. He who led the youngmen is dead. No one knows where they are perhaps freezing to death. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. can live in peace. Looking Glassis dead. A highly controversial political compromise preceded by disputed electoral votes and involving questionable deals with Southern Democrats, it was also a major about-face for the Ohio Republican. When I am gone, think of your country My son, never forget my dying words. This act left Chief Joseph and his people with some scattered pockets of land in Idaho that amounted to only one-tenth of the land previously set aside for them and did not include the ancestral Wallowa Valley home. 1840-1904) by Cyrenius Hall (1830-1904) / Oil on canvas, 1878 / 22 x 18 1/8 in. It helps students consider audience and purpose. Teach the lesson within a rhetorical analysis unit in AP Language. 622;Hayes, Rutherford B. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. Du Bois: Biography of a Race: 18681919, Holt, 1993; Rubin, Louis D., Jr., editor. Chief Joseph (1840-1904) was a leader of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce Tribe, who became famous in 1877 for leading his people on an epic flight across the Rocky Mountains. going where they please. Du Bois: The Origins of a Bitter Intellectual Battle,. Add highlights, virtual manipulatives, and more. Chief Josephs surrender message is well-known and provides a glimpse of the tragedyand of his character: I am tired of fighting. During Chief Joseph's speech, he repeats the phrase "Good words.." (p.3) with saying something meaningful with is after words like "Good words do not give me back my children." . There has been too much talking by men As Hayes, a board member, wrote, it was agreed that the funding would be used only at schools which provide some form for industrial education as preparation for manly occupations like those of the carpenter, the farmer, and the blacksmith. The Hampton Institute in Virginia and the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama became models of this kind of vocational college, and, by 1900, the two schools received fully half of the Slater boards funding. As DuBois closedhis letter, he called attention to the ex-presidents diminishment of his race. (Braman) Out of respect for Chief Joseph and his people I will refrain from using an accent when quoting him. This is great for reading comprehension, social studies. Good words do not last American Literature Collection - Native - Stamped - Short Stories - Rhetoric, Indigenous Voices Bundle - Native American Heritage Month - First Nations. Great for older elementary and middle school students. has something wrong about it. Some were allowed to live in Idaho, where the Nez Perce Reservation now exists, but Joseph and those close to him were sent to a reservation in Colville, Washington. I did not of course believe that this would get me an appointment, wrote DuBois in his memoir, but he was wrong. Such a government has something wrong about it., I cannot understand why so many chiefs are allowed to talk so many different ways, and promise so many different things., But while their mouths all talk right, I do not understand why nothing has been done for my people., I have heard talk and talk, but nothing is done. In the end, though, Howard and Joseph couldnt agree. In later life, Einstein would deeply regret writing this letter, as he committed to peace and a world without nuclear armaments. Looking-Glass is dead. All men were made by the same Great Spirit Chief They are all Two are specific to President Obama and two can be saved to use next year and after. Joseph's father (also Joseph) was one of the first Nez Perc converts to Christianity and an active supporter of the tribe's longstanding peace with whites, even assisting However, with the discovery of gold in the region, the United States government in 1863 reclaimed almost 6 million acres of the reservation. It is the young men who say "Yes" or "No." He who led on the young men is dead. Rather than face more bloodshed, he asked that his people to move quietly to the reservation. Give them all an even chance to live and grow., All men were made by the Great Spirit Chief. He knew that he wanted to study in Europe and had said as much in a spring 1890 letter to Harvards Academic Council, saying that he hoped to spend one year at Harvard and at least another year at a European university. Your students believe that they are ready to be the next president of the United States! men as we are. W.E.B. And how absurdly prolix many correspondents are! D.C. to meet with President Rutherford B. Hayes. In this product you will get an authentic passage and 5 pages of activities for each Common Core reading cluster (IR). Both the Nez Perce people and the US Army. The "catch" is that the letter must be written on something readily available to a struggling family, anything but paper. long unless they amount to something. He died, still in exile, in 1904 at the age of 64. If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian he can live in peace. The Slater Fund was established in 1882 by John Fox Slater, who donated $1 million for the industrial education of Southern blacks. Yet there are moments in Hayess speeches and diary entries that suggest he understood the importance of education that was not strictly vocational. Enjoy! If a white man breaks the law, punish him also. I see men of my own race Hear me, my chiefs. (55.9 x 46 cm) . Under the headline NEGROES IN THE SOUTH, the Herald framed the story as Ex-President Hayes Says Their Chief and Almost Only Gift Is Oratory. Apparently, the Herald cared little for Hayess remarks, which they presented as a nasty aside from the president who ended Reconstruction. I. If ever someone wanted a sign that there is a God who sends us things we need just when we need them, I would submit this blog as a meditation on the Affordable Care Act. W.E.B. has spoken for his people. DuBois and Booker T. Washington has long been presented as a pedantically useful binary. alike on all men. 9/21/1904. Joseph sought the counsel of tribal leaders, and decided that they had no feasible chance of successful resistance to U.S. troops. He was startled, DuBois wrote in a much later letter to Hayes, that any agency of the American people was willing to give a Negro a thoroughly liberal education and that it had been looking in vain for men to educate. He took the headline and comment about black oration personally, as described in his memoir. This set includes 4 pages for writing a letter to the President of the United States. Several of the Nez Perce tribes agreed to the treaty and moved quickly. One detailed lesson plan with materials needed, standards (TEKS, CCSS, ELA, and AP Language), activator, teacher input, student active participation, and summarizer, Full text of Chief Joseph's letter to President Hayes. . 31 October 1890, Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library. Hear me, my chiefs. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library and Museums, Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio; Ex-President Hayess Visit to Baltimore, Baltimore Sun, 1 Nov. 1890, ProQuest Historical Newspapers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; Finkenbine, Roy E. Our Little Circle: Benevolent Reformers, the Slater Fund, and the Argument for Black Industrial Education, 18821908, Hayes Historical Journal, vol. The purpose for writing, audience, writing situation, as well as letter template are included in this 3 page persuasive writing assignment. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. Chief Joseph would surely recognize the promises that Washington made today as more of what The Great White Father told him and his people. We shall be all alike brothers of one father and mother, with one sky above us and one country around us and one government for all.. If you know anything about him, you may be familiar with his surrender speech to General Oliver Howard at Bears Paw, Montana, just 40 miles short of the Canadian border where he hoped to lead his people to freedom. I of the Great White Chiefs where they get their authority to say to During a stop in Maryland, according to the Baltimore Sun, Gilman took Hayes around Johns Hopkins to meet faculty and see the library and hospital. Birth Country: United States. not make good the promise of your war chief, General Miles. Too many misinterpretations have been made; It is the young men who say yes or no. It was not until 1885 that Joseph and other Nez Perce were returned to the Pacific Northwest, though half of them, including Joseph himself, were taken to a reservation in northern Washington that was not a part of their ancestral lands. Good words do not last long unless they amount to something., Good words will not give me back my children Good words will not get my people a home where they can live in peace and take care of themselves., I am tired of talk that comes to nothing., It makes my heart sick when I remember all the good words and the broken promises., Treat all men alike. No one knows where they areperhaps freezing to death. Everything from a Cotton Mather close reading to a Jason Reynolds book study is included. Not a few of them are scholars of fair attainments and ability, and in the learned professions and in conspicuous employments are vindicating their title to the consideration and respect of their fellow-men., In a diary entry from later that year, Hayes writes that he is reading all he can find on what he called the negro question. I find nothing which overthrows or even tends to overthrow the position that education will help him wherever he needs help, will strengthen [him] where he is weak, and will aid him to overcome all evil tendencies. I went in and asked about it. DuBois papers. Good words do not give me back my children. And, through an interesting sequence of events, Hayes came to play a significant role in the educational progress of another important black figure, W.E.B. Once again, disease decimated their numbers. Open Document. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in Ohio held 4 summers of NEH Landmarks Workshops for teachers on Progress and Poverty: The Gilded Age in American Politics and Literature, 18771901. Earlier, the center received an NEH grant for a preservation assessment of the paintings, photographs, and material culture displayed in the historic house museum of President Rutherford B. Hayes.